WWII Research Paper
What were the causes of WWII in Europe? In Asia? What were the major atrocity committed by both the Axis and the Allies? How might some of these atrocities have been prevented? Name & explain two long lasting effects of the war.
By 1945 most of Europe laid in ruins. Many German cities had practically been destroyed after eternal Allied bombings. Poland had been almost leveled to the earth by the Germans. The territory policies of both the Nazis and the Soviets had left much of Eastern Russia, Ukraine and the Baltic States almost totally shattered. The concentration camps had taken away not only the lives of six million Jews, but millions of Gypsies and other “unwelcomed”. Hiroshima and Nagasaki had been reduced to ashes by the atomic explosion. In my sort paper I would like to briefly cover the main points of this petrifying war as well as present the major terrifying effects it had.
The WWI was caused by several reasons. To begin with, the war was caused by Hitler’s aims to unite German speaking people, to dominate Europe and the world, and to break the Treaty of Versailles that Germany was really unhappy about. Secondly, the aggression of Hitler’s Allies (that later formed the Axis powers) Mussolini sought to create a Fascist empire in the Mediterranean and Africa, and the Japanese wanted a Nipponese empire in the Pacific. Thirdly, the democratic powers were inactive, the USA was cut off from the world, France was unwilling to act against Germany, while Britain was understanding of German recovery. The last cause I would like to mention is that the League of Nations failed to keep peace. What is important to state is that if the democratic powers had not failed to oppose Germany and if the Axis had not been so territories-wise greedy the WWII could have been prevented.
The situation in Asia was a different. By 1939, the United States, Great Britain, China, and the Dutch had agreed to stop exporting oil and other materials to Japan. This rejection to sell was given a name ABCD line, this line forbade Japan to contribute to the world market and to participate in the world issues. This ABCD Line had persuaded the Japanese that the only solution was to take the resources they needed by force. To do that, Japan had to remove its competitor in the Pacific - the USA. It was, thus, decided to attack the US, hoping to weaken its military capacity. Consequently, the Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941 and that gave an immediate push to the beginning of the war in Asia (Iriye).
The WWII was primarily fought between the Allies and the Axis. Original Allies were those states that declared war on Nazi Germany after the German invasion of Poland. The main representatives of the Allies were the members of Big Three: the USSR, the USA, and the United Kingdom. If these powerful countries had stopped themselves from being driven by selfish, vainglorious, and arrogant motives many WWII implications could have been prevented indeed.
As it can be see from the previous passages the WWII had many drastic effects on the world. Though, lower I would like to mention two effects that, to my mind, are mostly significant. The atomic bomb was used in WWII for the first time, after that the entire globe was in fear of total obliteration. This fear drew the cold war, as well as it has changed world politics. The second biggest effect is that after WWII the geopolitical power had shifted away from Europe and started to be dominated by the United States and Soviet Union, which became superpowers.
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